In keeping with our established methodology, we begin by conducting research and investigative work on a supply chain that we believe substantially involves or impacts producer living conditions, preservation of natural resources, respect for human rights, and/or the principles of the Nagoya Protocol.
A supply chain assessment is then drafted using the information gathered from all stakeholders, particularly in the field. For other supply chains, due to their complexity or existing initiatives in progress, we instead encourage experience-sharing dialogue.
Following the 2017 assessment of the amyris supply chain in the Dominican Republic, the NRSC is currently evaluating what initiatives might be relevant for this supply chain.
BAY (Pimenta racemosa)
In recent years, the bay oil industry, produced mainly on the island of Dominica, has been severely impacted by two major natural disasters in the West Indies region: Tropical Storm Erika in 2015 and Hurricane Maria in 2017. Bay oil production and producers’ ability to make a living from such production have been jeopardized by the damage caused by these disasters. As a result, the supply chain’s climate resilience is now being assessed, and a diagnosis of the supply chain is currently in progress.
An assessment is underway in Brazil.
Ten percent of shea production is used by the cosmetics industry (the remaining 90% is used by the food industry), in two main forms: the butter and the nut. The cosmetics industry, for the most part, uses derivatives. Shea is produced in a particularly poor region of sub-Saharan Africa and is often the only source of income for many women there. To better understand the issues surrounding shea butter and develop collective solutions, the NRSC has become a member of the Global Shea Alliance (GSA) and is currently preparing a field project.
The world’s largest patchouli producer is Indonesia, putting out about 1,500 tons annually. This production is generated by a multitude of small producers who work on small plots of land and distill the essential oil themselves. Today’s harvest and production practices present substantial challenges in terms of pesticide use and crop sustainability. To address these concerns, many NRSC members are already pursuing individual initiatives and the NRSC is now evaluating the best options that would create true added value.
This supply chain furnishes the perfumery, cosmetics, aromatherapy, and food industries and has two very distinct markets with different qualities and production methods: Tunisia and Morocco. In Morocco, the challenge is the supply chain’s economic viability, particularly for the harvesters, through the existing cooperatives that must operate smoothly and survive over the long term to ensure sustainability of the supply chain.
In Tunisia, where the supply chain is already structured, the NRSC monitors the situation to ensure that emerging projects in the territory can integrate the existing supply chain as effectively as possible.